Fishing or fischerei as it would be translated in German deals with the capture or breeding of fish, whether marine or those living in fresh water systems in lakes or rivers. Fishing is an extremely valuable source of income for many countries and makes up a large portion of the gross domestic product for those countries that are not completely landlocked or surrounded by land. In many cases fishing comes close to or exceeds the revenue received from other large industries like agriculture and mining. Although the fishing industry in Germany has been steadily declining over the past few years it is estimated that the industry still provides more than forty thousand much needed jobs in a suffering economic climate.
Fish and fish products are still extremely popular throughout Germany, especially in Berlin and Hamburg. German people have historically enjoyed a high fish diet, not only because they enjoy the taste of fish but also because of its high nutritional value, rich fatty unsaturated acids and high vitamin content. The German fishing industry is not limited to ocean fishing and recreational fishing. There are many industry sectors that depend fishing (fischerei) to sustain themselves. These include : Inland fish farms and aquaculture, fish wholesalers, Fish retailers, fish processing enterprises such as cannerys, catering businesses which specialize in fish products as well as the commercial deep sea fishing fleet and off shore fishing fleet.
South Africa has a large fishing industry, both commercial and recreational. The country has over three thousand kilometers of coastline, and forms the bridge between the west and the east coast of Africa. The cold Atlantic west coast has rich population of anchovy, rock lobster, mackerel, hake, snoek and tuna, whilst the warmer Indian ocean east coast is rich in squid and a variety of delicious linefish which provide an essential livelihood for many seaside villages. The commercial fishing for Hake in South Africa contributes to more than fifty percent of the country’s total commercial fishing value, with total hake catches in excess of one hundred and seventy five thousand tons each year. The South Caftan Hake deep sea trawl industry is not subsidized by the South African government, unlike many other countries where the importance of the industry is recognized and boat owners are given incentives by their governments to invest in new fishing boats. Almost all the the above mentioned catch is landed in the Cape Province where commercial fishing is one of the economic pillars of the province. Recent figures show that yearly sales from deep sea fishing are well over five and a half billion South African Rands.